Điên biên phủ

     
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Date:1953 - May 7, 1954 ...(Show more)Location:LaosVietnam...

Xem thêm: Trường Tiểu Học Đại Kim, Quận Hoàng Mai, Thành Phố Hà Nội, Khu Đô Thị Đại Kim

(Show more)Participants:FranceViet Minh...(Show more)Context:First Indochina War...(Show more)Key People:Christian de CastriesVo Nguyen Giap...(Show more)

Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the decisive engagement in the First Indochina War (1946–54). It consisted of a struggle between French và Viet Minh (Vietnamese Communist và nationalist) forces for control of a small mountain outpost on the Vietnamese border near Laos. The Viet Minh victory in this battle effectively ended the eight-year-old war.


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Learn how U.S. Presidents Eisenhower and Truman backed France against the Viet Minh in the First Indochina War
With the defeat of the French at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu in 1954, the United States became concerned about communist gains in Vietnam. From Vietnam Perspective (1985), a documentary by Encyclopædia tuyetdenbatngo.com Educational Corporation.

The battle was joined in late 1953 when French forces, who had been rapidly losing ground to lớn the popularly supported Viet Minh, occupied the town of Dien Bien Phu in an attempt to cut the nationalist supply lines into Laos & to maintain a base for forays against enemy forces. Although the Vietnamese quickly cut all the roads into Dien Bien Phu, making it suppliable only by air, the French were confident of their position. They were thus taken by surprise when the Viet Minh Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap surrounded the base with 40,000 men and used heavy artillery to break the French lines. Despite heavy U.S. Aid, the base was overrun on May 7, 1954.


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With French forces in disarray after the battle, the French government sought an over to the fighting; an official settlement was negotiated at an international conference in Geneva. The French sense of national humiliation, particularly acute within the army, had lasting repercussions on French public opinion and contributed—along with later events in Algeria—to the downfall of the Fourth Republic in 1958.