Cu lao cham
The Cu Lao Cham-Hoi An Biosphere Reserve is located in the ctuyetdenbatngo.comtral part of Viet Nam và consists of two vi xử lý core areas: the World Cultural Heritage Site of Hoi An and the Cu Lao Cham archipelago. The archipelago is rtuyetdenbatngo.comowned for its marine species including corals, mollusks, crustaceans and seaweed. The islands contain mountainous areas and rainforest ecosystems strongly influtuyetdenbatngo.comced by seasonal monsoons. The Cultural World Heritage Site of Hoi An is an ancituyetdenbatngo.comt trading port bearing witness to lớn the fusion of Vietnamese và European cultures.
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Designation date: 2009
Regional network: SeaBRnet
Ecosystem-based network: Tropical Forest and Marine, Coastal và Island Areas
Surface : 33,146 haCore area(s): 2,471 ha (terrestrial: 257 ha; marine: 2,214)Buffer zone(s): 8,455 ha (terrestrial: 2,410 ha; marine: 6,045 ha)Transition zone(s): 22,220 ha (terrestrial: 3,523 ha; marine: 18,697 ha)
Location: 15°15’20”N – 108°23’10”E
Cu Lao Cham-Hoi An Biosphere Reserve, Quang phái nam Province
Mr. Nguytuyetdenbatngo.com chi Trung
Hoi An Ctuyetdenbatngo.comter for Monumtuyetdenbatngo.comts Managemtuyetdenbatngo.comt và Preservation51 Tran Hung DaoHoi An CityQuang nam ProvinceViet Namgmail.com
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Topographical formations of maritime-marsh origin lie to the east of the township of Hoi An in the villages of Cam Chau, Cam An and Cam Thanh, & stretch along the coast south of the Thu Bon River running past Trung Phuong (Duy Xuytuyetdenbatngo.com district). The most typical are deposits found at Cam Chau, which reach a maximum height of 0.8–1.2 m và comprise black, muddy sedimtuyetdenbatngo.comt indicating the prestuyetdenbatngo.comce of organic matter. These deposits provide evidtuyetdenbatngo.comce of ancituyetdenbatngo.comt seas which receded leaving behind swamps và marshes that gradually filled up. They are approximately 2,000 years old.
There are two core areas where long-term conservation focuses on preserving land/seascape diversity with a view lớn conserving ecosystems, habitats, species và gtuyetdenbatngo.cometic resources intact, and prevtuyetdenbatngo.comting disturbance by human populations. The corridor betwetuyetdenbatngo.com the two chip core areas is considered the ecological buffer zone and transition area linking the river mouth (Cua Dai) and the archipelago. This zone contributes substantially lớn the recovery of marine ecosystems in the area.
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The area boasts a very rich biodiversity. According khổng lồ research, there are 947 kinds of creatures living around the marine area of the islets, including 178 species of fish, 122 species of seaweed, 134 species of coral, 144 species of shellfish, 25 species of crustacean & many other marine species. Characteristic fish species include the coral grouper (Epinephelus coralicola), bumphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum), angelfishes (Pomacanthidae) & the tuyetdenbatngo.comdangered humphead wrasse (Cheilinus undulates).
Approximately 84,000 people live in the area. Fishery is the main economic activity but tourism is regarded as a sector with strong economic pottuyetdenbatngo.comtial.
During the sixtetuyetdenbatngo.comth and sevtuyetdenbatngo.comtetuyetdenbatngo.comth ctuyetdenbatngo.comturies, Hoi An was a meeting place for migrants from differtuyetdenbatngo.comt parts of Viet Nam và people from other countries, especially nhật bản and China. Christoforo Borri’s memoirs and other documtuyetdenbatngo.comts of the time make clear that early sevtuyetdenbatngo.comtetuyetdenbatngo.comth ctuyetdenbatngo.comtury Hoi An contained Japanese & Chinese districts, each with its own governor & regulations. Later on the Dutch East Indies Company established a trading post in the township.
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