Bobby Fischer is the first và only American world tuyetdenbatngo.com champion in history. Many consider him lớn be among thegreatest tuyetdenbatngo.com players of all time, as well as the most famous. Fischer sparked an entire generation of tuyetdenbatngo.com players, especially in the United States & Iceland.
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His success against the Russian tuyetdenbatngo.com empire of the 1960s và 70s remains as one of the most incredible individual performances by any tuyetdenbatngo.com player. Of his most famous quotes, perhaps one of his simplest statements displays the most important và fundamental truth about the game: "tuyetdenbatngo.com demands total concentration."
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Bobby Fischer with Max Euwe in 1972. Photo: B. Verhoeff/Dutch National Archive, CC.
Early tuyetdenbatngo.com Career và U.S. Champion
In 1949, Fischer"s family moved to thủ đô new york City when he was six years old. Fischer started playing competitive games at the Brooklyn và Hawthorne tuyetdenbatngo.com Clubs, và began drawing attention from tuyetdenbatngo.com players nationwide. In 1956, Fischer won the U.S. Junior tuyetdenbatngo.com Championships, becoming the youngest player to lớn win the tournament at that time. The tournament win earned him a spot in the 1957 U.S. tuyetdenbatngo.com Championships.
Prior to his U.S. Championship debut in 1957, Fischer would win the U.S. Xuất hiện Championship, becoming the youngest-ever winner of the tournament. After defending his title as U.S. Junior Champion and winning the New Jersey open Championship, Fischer became the youngest National Master in American history. Near the end of 1956, he played one of the most famous tuyetdenbatngo.com games of all time, known today as the"Game of the Century."
At just 14 years old, Fischer played in his first U.S. tuyetdenbatngo.com Championship. Pitted against the country"s best, Fischer convincingly won the tournament with a +8 score & became both the youngest U.S. Champion and aninternational master. He would go on to lớn win seven consecutive titles, winning each one by at least a one-point margin.
Grandmaster and World Championship Candidate
After winning a round trip to Russia in order to lớn appear on a game show, Fischer played some matches in Yugoslavia to prepare for the 1958 Interzonal. In finishing in the vị trí cao nhất six, Fischer qualified for the Candidates tournament, becoming the youngest player at 15 years old lớn ever reach this stage of the world championship cycle. Qualifying for the Candidates tournament earned Fischer the grandmaster title. He would be the youngest player ever khổng lồ earn the title until GM Judit Polgar broke the record in 1991.
Fischer finished fifth in the 1959 Candidates tournament và soon after dropped out of high school to devote more time lớn tuyetdenbatngo.com. In 1962, Fischer became the first non-Soviet player ever to win an Interzonal tournament and qualified for the Candidates tournament later that year. Falling short, Fischer famously accused the Soviet players of pre-arranging draws to conserve energy in the tournament.
Than taking a break from Candidates qualification, Fischer won the 1963/1964 U.S. Championship with 11/11, the only perfect score in the history of the tournament. Fischer won his eighth U.S. Championship in 1966/1967. The American took a break from tournament tuyetdenbatngo.com in 1968 & wrote his book,My 60 Memorable Games, which is still considered one of thebest tuyetdenbatngo.com books of all time.
In 1970, Fischer made his return lớn tuyetdenbatngo.com, and after closing with a seven-game winning streak, won the Interzonal tournament by a 3.5-point margin. The tournament win meant Fischer qualified for the 1971 Candidates tournament. Fischer beat GM Mark Taimanov 6-0 in the quarterfinals và then repeated the score against GMBent Larsen in the semifinals. This twelve-game stretch is considered by many to lớn be the best individual performance by a tuyetdenbatngo.com player ever.
In his final Candidates match against former world champion GMTigran Petrosian, Fischer won the first game, amassing a total of 20 consecutive wins against elite competition. Petrosian would end the streak with the next trò chơi but would go on to lose the match, 6½–2½, which meant that Fischer had earned his spot in the 1972 World Championship Match.
In 1972, Fischer faced World Champion GMBoris Spassky in a match publicized as a Cold War confrontation that attracted more worldwide interest than any tuyetdenbatngo.com championship before or since. After starting the match down 0-2 (he did not even show up to lớn play the second game), he won an electrifying game three with an early novelty in the Benoni Defense.