Heading west out of town, và indeed out of Tay Ho, one either turns north across the Nhat chảy bridge, or if you continue towards Thang Long bridge, the Au teo road turns into An Duong Vuong.

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An Duong Vuong

This rather unremarkable stretch of suburban dual carriageway that runs parallel lớn the Red River, is actually named after the very first King of Vietnam – An Duong Vuong (257–179 BC).

His epic tale defines the early history of Vietnam. He was originally the leader of the Au Viet tribe, who defeated và seized the throne from the last Hung King and united with their people, the Lac Viet. This is the classical story of a King, his magic crossbow & a turtle’s claw.

Conquering the Hung

After assembling his army & following the subsequent defeat of the Hung King in 207 BC, An Duong Vuong proclaimed himself as the new King of the united peoples. He established a fresh capital và built a fortress (Co Loa Citadel) on raised ground khổng lồ the north of the Red River, in today’s Dong Anh district (about 16 km northeast of Hanoi’s centre).

Co Loa CitadelGates at teo Loa Citadel

This was the era that saw, far lớn the north, Qin Shi Huang constructing the Great Wall of trung quốc – at the same time as An Duong Vuong built a spiral fortress in teo Loa to lớn defend his state against invasions. It is written that the new King viewed this region as one of strategic and geographical importance, being surrounded by impenetrable mountains và forests, with the mighty Red River close by. However, it is not known exactly why An Duong Vuong favoured the spiral, shell-like shape of this citadel – it was said the construction was extremely tough và difficult lớn construct. Legend has it that each time the end of the construction was near, hordes of evil spirits would undo the builder’s important work at night.

The grounds of teo LoaThe Legend of the Magic Crossbow

Incense was burnt, prayers were said & offerings were made by An Duong Vuong lớn evoke the gods to lớn assist him. In a dream, one night, a frail old man with long white hair came khổng lồ An Duong Vuong to lớn inform him that the only person who could help him build his citadel was a local golden turtle.

Not so many days after and lo-and-behold whilst sitting in his boat on the river, a giant golden turtle suddenly emerges. The turtle speaks to An Duong Vuong và tells the King that he will need one of the turtle’s claws to be able khổng lồ finish his plan. Promptly pulling out a claw, the turtle throws it to the King và then suddenly disappears.

An Duong Vuong gave the claw khổng lồ his weapons engineer who built a crossbow which incorporated the prized piece. The legendary device was said lớn fire a thousand arrows at once.

The claw also brought good fortune and at last, the King’s capital took shape và soon prospered, so much so that is was coveted by their neighbours.

A jealous local General named Trieu Da, one who had refused khổng lồ surrender under the newly established dynasty, invaded and attacked on numerous occasions over the following decade. Nonetheless, he failed each time due to An Duong Vuong’s military skill, defensive tactics and of course- his magic crossbow.

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General Trieu Da’s Grand Scheme

Following numerous defeats, the General devised a new approach và negotiated peace with An Duong Vuong. In his determination lớn discover the secrets and strategies of his long-term enemy, he offered his son (Trung Thuy) for marriage as part of his cunning plan. Và indeed, there was a marriage khổng lồ An Duong’s Vuong’s daughter (Princess Mỵ Chau).

A statue of General Trieu Da

Over time, via his new daughter-in-law, he discovered An Duong Vuong’s secret weapon – the magic crossbow. The next stage of his plan was to lớn get his son to lớn sneak into the King’s palace and replace the magic crossbow with a fake.

With the magic crossbow in his hands, General Trieu da launched an immediate attack on his old foe & in-law.

The fortress of co Loa fell and An Duong Vuong fled the scene of the battle with his only daughter, My Chau. He rode to the river where he once again encountered the golden turtle.

The turtle shouted “The enemy is right behind you!” & at that moment he knew it was My Chau who had shown him how lớn use the magic crossbow.

In a rage at his own daughter’s betrayal, he slew My Chau & jumped into the river with the giant turtle. In some accounts of this story, it is said that she was beheaded by her father.

The first lớn arrive at the scene was the General’s son, trong Thuy, in tìm kiếm of his beloved wife. The Princess is said khổng lồ have left a trail of goose feathers, for her adored husband khổng lồ follow. He sees her dead body lying in a pool of blood; her father nowhere khổng lồ be seen. Legend tells of how My Chau’s blood flowed into the river, washed out to lớn sea & formed the pink pearls that can be found on the North Vietnamese coast.

To ensure being with his wife in eternity forevermore và observing conjugal fidelity và devotion, trong Thuy promptly draws his sword – and kills himself.

A slain My Chau is held in her lover’s arms

So next time you are on your way to the airport, or perhaps pootling along under the Nhat rã bridge out west, remember these mighty tales and tragic love stories. Perhaps consider the early legends of King An Duong Vuong, or the heart-breaking fable of Princess My Chau & Trong Thuy. On the other side of the bridge lies the long Lord Lac Long Quan và his fairy wife -Au Co; look around you và what today may be a dusty old track or a little tea stall, in Vietnamese history, was a completely different story.

“The names behind the Hanoi streets” unveils the great historical provenance behind our favourite streets khổng lồ get a bia hoi fix, bun cha, or anything Hanoi-wise for that matter.